The pipe through which the magma and gas had travelled is now empty and collapses. A shockwave at hypersonic velocity would hit the remains of the craton and pulverise them with an explosion equivalent to 120 gigatons of TNT. Twenty billion tons of debris is blasted into the atmosphere while lava fills the hole left behind. The verneshot impactor (the largest lump hurled out) then impacts earth elsewhere. The Chicxulub crater is consistent with such an event with the direction and low angle of impact. However, the velocity would be low compared to an extraterrestrial impactor, so the impactor would mostly survive and although it would be pulverised, it would not be vaporised. Finding rocks from Deccan in Mexico would validate this theory.
Nevertheless, the theory is today questioned as existing craters dimensions are too small to match with the large impactor that a verneshot would generate.
The four major mass extinctions that may have been caused by verneshots are:
- the Frasnian-Fammian extinction event 364 million years ago, killing off 70% of all marine life, linked to the Siljan crater in Sweden and the Pripyat-Dniepr-Donetsk supervolcano in the Ukraine
- the Permian-Triassic extinction event 251 million years ago, killing off 96% of all life on the planet, linked to the Bedout submarine potential impact crater off the coast of Australia and the supervolcano forming the Siberian Traps
- the Triassic-Jurassic extinction event 200 million years ago, killing off 20% of species, linked to the Manicougan crater in Canada and the Central Atlantic Magmatic Province supervolcano off the coast of Sierra Leone
- the Cretaceous-Tertiary extinction event 65 million years ago, killing off 60% of species, linked to the Chicxulub crater in Mexico and the Deccan Traps supervolcano in India
With these four events, massive volcanic activity over thousands of square miles coincides with an impact event.
It has also been argued that the Tunguska Event may have been caused by a Verneshot (Tunguska would have been the launchsite not the impact).